Slovenia is located in the heart of Europe at the crossroads of the main European cultural and trade routes. It covers 20,273 km2 and has a population of 2.06 million. There are many natural attractions all over the country. The country is one of the most water-rich in Europe, while over half of the territory (56%) is covered by forest, which places Slovenia among the three most wooded countries in Europe
It is a parliamentary republic and a member of the United Nations, European Union, and NATO. The capital and largest city is Ljubljana, the second biggest city is Maribor, where UM FERI is located.
Historically, the current territory of Slovenia was part of many different State formations, including the Roman Empire and the Holy Roman Empire, followed by the Habsburg Monarchy. During World War II, Slovenia was occupied and annexed by Germany, Italy and Hungary. Afterwards, it was a founding member of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, later renamed the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In June 1991, after the introduction of multi-party representative democracy, Slovenia split from Yugoslavia, and became an independent country. In 2004, it entered NATO and the European Union; in 2007, it became the first formerly communist country to join the Eurozone; and, in 2010, joined the OECD, a global association of high-income developed countries.
The economy of Slovenia is small, open, and export-oriented, and has been influenced strongly by international conditions. On average, the main economic field is Services, followed by Industry and Construction. However, lately, our economy has been oriented smarter through Smart specialization strategy with the following focus areas: Smart Cities and Communities, Mobility, Sustainable Tourism, Circular Economy, Factories of the Future, Smart Buildings and Homes with a Wood Chain, Materials and End Products, Sustainable Food Production.
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